The European rabbit is grayish brown with mixed black, brown and reddish hairs on its back, light brown to beige fur on its underside, a beige ring around its eyes, and long black-tipped ears. European rabbits reproduce very fast. The species dwell in agricultural land’s edges, grasslands, woodlands, etc. European rabbits usually weigh between 1kg to 2.25kgs. #1. it got transported by humans #2. The common European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is native to Spain and Portugal, and has adapted to that region’s unpredictable Mediterranean climate. European rabbits derive their name from their native habitat, the continent of Europe. 1. European hares were relatively abundant and widespread throughout much of south-east Australia by 1870. • European rabbits are capable of becoming established in new areas because of their ability to reproduce quickly and consume a large variety of food. They move out for food during the dark. Within that 9 year span it reaches reproductive maturity in 4-5months of age and continues breeding till 6 years of age. House Gecko Introduced from Asia, it was first noticed in the 1960s, the house gecko is now found throughout northern Australia. Oryctolagus cuniculus, also called a European, an Old World, or a domestic rabbit, is the only species in its genus.The last Ice Age confined the species to the Iberian peninsula and small areas of France and northwest Africa, but due to human action and adaptability of this species, European rabbits today exist in the wild on every continent except Asia and Antarctica. The British were appalled too by more killings. It has been estimated that at the turn of the last century the direct cost of rabbits to Australia, due to lost beef, lamb and wool production and expenditure on control measures, was $206 million (Gong et al, 2009). Geographic Range. The introduction of Rabbits in Australia by Thomas Austin was a serious mistake and he totally miscalculated the effects it would have on not only the native Australian animals but also on our plant life which to this day is still not fully known. Required fields are marked *. The species is still hunted by some of the wild tribes in Australia and Africa. It causes severe damage to the natural environment and to agriculture. This factor contributed to the regional extinction of the bilby and of the burrowing bettong. European Rabbits are a threat to the agricultural crops, which in turn threats the environment. Rabbits prefer to live in areas with short grasses, including natural grasslands and rural pastures. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Within 50 years rabbits had spread across almost the entire continent, with devastating implications for Australia’s indigenous flora and fauna. Due to the huge population strength of the European rabbits, they are a serious challenge to the agricultural crops and environment. “It’s part of our thing about being Australian and, to be honest, the fur of the Australian rabbit is better than European rabbit fur. Rabbits usually become infected after being bitten by an insect vector, typically mosquitos, but also European and Spanish rabbit fleas that have been introduced to Australia. due to drought or disease, with conventional control measures used to help forestall any recovery in rabbit numbers. In primitive days European rabbits were hunted down for food. About the fact sheet The feral European rabbit is one of the most widely distributed and abundant mammals in Australia. The paws are endowed with claws that help them to grip the ground and dig as well. In the 1840s, rabbit-keeping was a common practice among colonists, with bunny rabbit thefts showing up in court records. Geographic Range. There are four incisor teeth in European rabbits which help them tear off plant parts. With the expansion of the Roman Empire and with trade developing between countries, the European rabbit was introduced to other parts of Europe and into Asia, the Americas and Australia where new populations were introduced and developed. By 1827 the first feral populations in south-eastern Tasmania numbered in the thousands. The European rabbit can be identified by long floppy ears, short tail, and long jumping gait. Spreading at an approximate rate of 60 kilometres per year, hares crossed the Murray River in 1875, where they made their way along the western slopes and tablelands of New South Wales. Early introductions of European rabbits into Australia were domestic breeds that were unable to survive in the wild. Mode(s) of Introduction: The European rabbit was introduced to all of its present non-native habitats by humans, including the afore-mentioned Mr. Austin, who had his first 24 rabbits shipped to Victoria, Australia, by boat. While myxomatosis depresses rabbit numbers, the percentage killed is usually too low to achieve a significant reduction in their impacts. Threat(s): In Australia, the European rabbit is a downright pest. It has been widely introduced elsewhere often with devastating effects on local biodiversity. Feral rabbit control is complicated because of welfare and harvesting issues, and because both native and introduced predators feed on feral rabbits in many parts of Australia. Only till a month or two at the most, the new born kittens stay under intensive mother care. The first fleet arrived in 1778 by the European colonialist for several reasons. 3. Besides being a source of food, settlers brought these animals to Australia as companions (pets) Although some escaped to the nearby bushes, they failed to survive and most of them died. The kittens are born without eyesight, and body hair. It causes severe damage to the natural environment and to agriculture. Neck of European rabbits are supported by a flexible and weak neck that helps the rabbit rotate its head fast in any direction, helping to spot danger and food both. The attempt threatened the species seriously and they became endangered. When the European rabbits sense danger they thump their feet of the back on the ground to alarm others of the community before escaping the danger ground. Wild European rabbits were introduced into Australia in 1859 and quickly established and spread.